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ECMI Books Regarding Caucasus
Meskhetians: Homeward Bound…

Authors/Editors: Tom Trier, George Tarkhan-Mouravi andForrest Kilimnik
Published: Tbilisi, 2011

The publication is available in English, Russian and Georgian, and is made available through funding generously provided by the European Union.

67 years have passed since the wholesale deportation of the Meskhetian communities along with other targeted Muslim groups living in the southern parts of Georgia in the Caucasus region. In 1944, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin ordered some 100,000 people from the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic to be banished to Central Asia. Throughout the following decades, the Meskhetian communities found themselves in a lingering exile, prohibited from returning to their homeland. With the collapse of the USSR, oscillating perspectives arose both from the Georgian government and society concerning the repatriation of Meskhetians to the country.

This book on the Meskhetians aims at introducing the deported communities, the circumstances of their years in exile, and their current situations into the broader context of their possibility of repatriation. In the first two chapters, the book introduces the history of the Meskhetian communities and outlines common patterns of settlement, language, culture, and customs, as well as matters of political, economic and social integration in their countries of current settlement. The last chapter outlines the beginning of a conceptual framework for repatriation and integration of the Meskhetians, while presenting a catalogue of issues to be addressed as the repatriation process is set in motion and highlighting central goals and objectives of their return.

The book has been prepared to be of particular use as a reference material, especially in Georgia, where the issue of repatriation over the recent years has increasingly become a reality. The volume is published concurrently in English, Georgian and Russian, and is intended to stimulate the debate and undertakings among the Georgian government and civil society stakeholders as the country and local communities are preparing for the repatriation and integration of those deported Meskhetians who are homeward bound...

Under Siege: Inter-Ethnic Relations in Abkhazia

Authors/Editors: Tom Trier, Hedvig Lohm, David Szakonyi
Publisher: London: Hurst & Co., 2010

Located in the northeastern corner of the Black Sea, Abkhazia was once part of Georgia but broke away from the country after the fall of the Soviet Republic. For fifteen years the region functioned as a de facto independent, though internationally unrecognized, state, until August of 2008, when the short war over South Ossetia (another breakaway territory) ended in Russia's recognition of Abkhazian and South Ossetian sovereignty. Consequently, Abkhazia has become a crucial component of Russia's struggle to redefine its global influence and a major player in its geopolitical battle with the West.

Under Siege clarifies Abkhazia's ethno-political dynamics, which have played a major role in the country's state-building efforts and have come to shape the conditions under which the country's many ethnic communities live. Abkhazians, Armenians, Georgians, and Russians all call Abkhazia home, and this volume explores the effect of the government's de facto status on these groups' ideas of nationhood and continuing tensions between Georgia, Abkhazia, and Russia. This book also launches a rare investigation into the conflict brewing among human rights, minority protections, and Abkhazia's state building project.

The Meskhetian Turks at a Crossroads: Integration, Repatriation or Resettlement?
Authors/Editors: Tom Trier and Andrei Khanzhin
Publisher: Berlin, LIT, 2007

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