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Minorities in local elections 2014 observatory 

At the launch of the election campaign two months prior to municipal elections 2014, ECMI Caucasus is establishing an election observatory to follow national minority participation in the electoral process. The aim of the observatory is to provide an assessment of pre-election environment, the electoral process and minority participation and representation, and post-election analysis.

The following key areas will be covered:

1. Local elections under newly adopted legislative arrangements: a) Local self-governance Code, b) Electoral Code. Observatory will monitor implementation of these new legislative norms in the regions of national minority settlements.

2. Central Election Commission and national minority participation. The Observatory will provide an overview and assessment of recent measures undertaken by CEC within the scopes of special programme aiming at enhanced participation of national minorities in elections. These measures are: translation of election related materials from Georgian into minority languages (AR, AZ); translation of electoral lists (AR, AZ); preparation of TV clips in minority languages (AR, AZ); operation of CEC hotline in minority languages (AR, AZ); distribution of small grants for electoral awareness raising in minority regions.

3. Political parties in local election. The Observatory will monitor all political parties registered for the 2014 local elections. Monitoring will cover the following: 1) Overview of political party official programmes and manifestos in order to identify minority related areas and priorities; 2) Overview of political party leaders’ speeches and campaigns on minority related topics; 3) Political party presence and activities in minority municipalities.

4. National minorities in political party election lists. The observatory will review all political party lists registered for the 2014 local election and identify minority candidates. The results will be compared with the previous elections.

5. National minority representation in local elections. The Observatory will identify minority nominees (Mayors, heads of municipalities) in different election districts.

6. Election observation. On the election day the observatory team will monitor election procedures and voting process in selected villages of national minority settlements.

7. Gender dimension of the local elections. The observatory will study female participation in elections, including identification of female candidates and gender mainstreaming issues in political party programmes and activities.

8. National minority voters behavior. The Observatory will analyze results of the local elections in minority municipalities. Minority votes will be compared with the previous election results in order to identify minority preferences. This assessment will measure level of political culture within minority voters.

The current information will be posted on ECMI Caucasus web page in the special Observatory site and findings will be disseminated among relevant stakeholders.

National Minorities in Local Elections 2014 

National Minorities in Political Party Lists Download



Local self-governance arrangements and their implications for national minorities 

The self-government reform code was adopted on 5th February 2014, after five attempts of reforming self-governance system since 1995. The new system was created as a framework while the final shape will be decided after local elections on 15 June 2014. The main idea of the reform is to decentralize services and to bring the decision-making process to the local level. Download

Amendments to the Election Code and Minorities 

The Georgian Parliament passed on February 2014 an election-related package of bills to put the electoral system in line with the new local self-governance law envisaging direct election of mayors in twelve cities (earlier only in 7 cities) and heads of all municipalities. Among key changes are:

  • Setting minimal threshold for electing mayors and heads of local administrations (gamgebelis) at 50%;
  • Lowering threshold for proportional, party-list contest in provinces to 4%;
  • Increasing number of party-list seats in most of municipal councils (sakrebulos);
  • New mechanisms for additional state funding for political parties;
  • Read More

    Minority Election Observatory 

    Electoral results in minority regions

    In the 1st October 2012 elections, the largest minority groups Azeri and Armenian voters remained strong supporters of the United National Movement (UNM), with the party winning in all ethnic minority dominated districts. In the predominantly Armenian districts of Akhalkalaki, Ninotsminda (Samstkhe-Javakheti) and Tsalka(Kvemo Kartli) the UNM received an average of 74,7 % of votes. In the Azeri districts of Marneuli, Dmanisi and Bolnisi (Kvemo Kartli) the UNM received an average of 71,91% votes compared to a national average of 40,34%. The electoral precincts of Ninotsminda and Marneuli had the highest share of votes for the UNM across the entire country. In Marneuli, Ninotsminda and Akhalkalaki, ethnic minority candidates running on UNM tickets were elected as majoritarians. It seems therefore that the UNM managed to gain substantial support across the largest minorities.

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